The Great Plains had a horrible dust storm on April 14, a day which was subsequently named 'Black Sunday'. President Roosevelt finally enacted farming legislation, which included governing rules on crop rotation, grass seeding, and plowing, as to prevent a future Dust Bowl Era. The laws successfully reduced storms by 65%, but it will be another four years before the region recovered.
May 6, 1935
Roosevelt's administration launched the Works Progress Administration (WPA) as part of the New Deal in order to provide jobs for 11 million Americans who had been unemployed the year earlier. The government gave 8.5 million people work, which resulted in the construction of roads, buildings, bridges, parks, and airports. The government also employed artists, writers, and actors under the Federal Arts Project. Now popular artists who were once a part of the project include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, and Marsden Hartley.
May 19, 1935
T.E. Lawrence, aka Lawrence of Arabia, died. Lawrence was famous for his military experiences in the Middle East, which were published in The Seven Pillars of Wisdom, a book he wrote himself.
May 30, 1935
Baseball legend Babe Ruth retired. The Sultan of Swat began his career with the Baltimore Orioles in 1914, but was soon sold to the Red Sox where he pitched 89 winning games. Babe Ruth was traded to the New York Yankees in 1920. The team won seven American League pennants and four World Series titles and, primarily because of Ruth's popularity to sell tickets, built a new stadium, which was nicknamed 'the house that Ruth built'. It would take 39 years for someone to beat Babe Ruth's home run record.
August 14, 1935
FDR passed the Social Security Act, providing benefits to the elderly through a pension program that both employers and employees contribute to.
September 13, 1935
In September, Howard Hughes, one of the richest men of the time period, set an airspeed record of 352 mph in his Hughes H-1Racer, which he designed and built himself.
November 1, 1935
The China Clipper, an airplane that floats on water, delivered the first airmail cargo in November. It took off from Alameda, CA for Manila with a few stops along the way including Honolulu and Guam.
November 5, 1935
Parker Brothers put Monopoly on the market. It became the best-selling game in America. Today, Monopoly is sold in 103 countries and in 37 different languages.